Cocaine Trafficking and Distribution

Cocaine Trafficking and Distribution

With the discovery of the Coca leaf’s effect on the body to the use of medical cocaine and then research that lead to it’s ban – cocaine trafficking and abuse continues to haunt and threaten the health and safety of American citizens. With the 1914 Harrison Narcotic Act initializing the illegal usage of cocaine, criminal activity and violence has increased as a result. However, this violence associated with cocaine trafficking does not compare to the rampant violence of the 1980s epidemic when the crack epidemic was at its worse. Nonetheless, the trafficking, distribution and abuse of cocaine and crack cocaine has spread from urban environments to smaller cities and suburban areas of the country, thus resulting in the threat to American citizens.

The U.S./Mexico Border is the primary point of entry for shipments of cocaine being smuggled into the United States. Approximately, 65 percent of the cocaine smuggled into the U.S. crosses the Southwest border, with distributors in the Great Lakes, Pacific, Southeast, Southwest, and West Central regions.

Dominican and Columbian criminal groups control most of the wholesale of cocaine in the United States, however Mexican DTOs and criminal groups wholesale control is increasing. For example, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) New York Field Division reported in 2005 that in some areas of New York City, Mexican criminal groups have supplanted Colombian criminal groups as the primary source of multikilogram-quantities of cocaine. Similarly, the Central Florida High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) recently reported that in some areas of central Florida, Mexican DTOs and criminal groups have supplanted Colombian and Dominican criminal groups as the predominant wholesale cocaine distributors and are establishing new distribution networks (National Drug Intelligence Center, National Drug Threat Assessment 2006). These are highly sophisticated infrastructures to move cocaine by land, sea and air into the U.S., comprising of multiple cells functioning in major metropolitan areas. Each cell performs a specific function within the organization (i.e. transportation, local distribution, or money movement). Key managers in Colombia continue to oversee the overall operation.

Cocaine drug traffickingCocaine is distributed in nearly every large and midsize city. Traffickers operating from Columbia control whole-sale distribution throughout the heavily populated northeastern United States and eastern seaboard in cities such as Boston, Miami, Newark, New York and Philadelphia. There are indications that other drug trafficking organizations are playing a larger role in the distribution of cocaine in conjunction with the Columbian organizations. Mexican and Dominican organization, along with the Columbian distributors are responsible for supplying multikilogram quantities of cocaine. Dominican traffickers have normally been responsible for the street level distribution of cocaine, while Mexican drug trafficking organizations are responsible for transporting cocaine from the Southwest border to the New York market.

Mexico Trafficking Organizations

Traffickers from Mexico now control distribution throughout the Western and Midwest United States. There are Mexico-based trafficking groups in cities such as Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Los Angeles, Houston, Phoenix, San Diego, San Francisco and Seattle that were once controlled by Columbia-based drug groups. Today, Chicago and Atlanta are key command centers for their cocaine operations. These traffickers control cocaine shipments from the time they are smuggled across the border until they are distributed across the country.

Columbian Trafficking

Columbian cocaine trafficking relies heavily on the eastern Pacific Ocean as a route to move cocaine throughout the United States. They utilize fishing vessels to transport bulk shipments of Cocaine from Columbia to the west coast of Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula. The loads are then broken down into smaller shipments to transport across the Mexico border. However, cocaine continues to transport through the Caribbean, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Haiti as primary transshipment points for Columbian trade. Because of the deteriorating economic conditions, Haiti is becoming a growing transshipment location for Columbian drug lords, designated for the eastern U.S. markets.

Crack Cocaine Trafficking

Street gangs, such as the Crips and Bloods, and criminal groups of ethnic Dominicans, Columbians and Jamaicans dominate the retail market of crack cocaine, the inexpensive, smoke able form of cocaine. The directed expansion of these gangs to smaller U.S. cities and rural areas, as well as a growth in street gangs that imitate their urban counterparts, results in an increase in homicides, armed robberies, and assaults as gang members use physical violence to maintain their drug distribution monopolies.

If you or someone you know is affected by a cocaine addiction and requires cocaine rehab treatment, please call our toll-free number. We are available 24 hours a day to answer your questions about cocaine rehab and treatment.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email