Cocaine Use in Rural Areas

Extracted from the leaves of the coca plant, cocaine is considered the most potent stimulant from a natural source. Cocaine stimulates the brain and is one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. The primary methods of using cocaine are:

  • Snorting – Inhaling cocaine through the mucous membranes of the nose.
  • Injecting – Mixed with water, the solution is injected with a syringe.
  • Freebasing – Cocaine hydrochloride is converted to a substance that can be smoked.
  • Crack Cocaine – Cocaine hydrochloride is mixed with other ingredients causing it to solidify into crack which is then smoked in glass pipes

In a study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the findings identified that rural areas had lower current drug use than the rest of the country and the users were of an older age at drug use initiation. The study also found that cocaine use was three times higher in rural areas.

Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction

The symptoms of cocaine addiction include the following:

  • Cardiac problems
  • Neglect of family responsibilities and job demands
  • Social isolation
  • Neglect of body needs and hygiene
  • Disintegration of the mucous membrane and collapse of the nasal septum
  • Mood swings
  • Weight loss
  • Change in friends
  • Change in daily schedule (staying out all night)

Even when plagued with these symptoms, rural users do not have as much access to necessary treatment as urban users do.

Cocaine Treatment Admissions in Rural Areas

According to the July 31, 2012 Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) report, sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), urban and rural substance abuse treatment admissions had similar gender distributions, but rural admissions were less racially and ethnically diverse and were younger. Rural treatment admissions patients were more likely than urban treatment admissions patients to have the following characteristics:

  • Be white or American Native
  • Be referred to substance abuse treatment through the criminal justice system
  • Have full-time employment
  • Be aged 18 to 25

In addition, rural admissions were more likely than urban admissions to receive regular outpatient care and less likely to receive detoxification treatment.

Benefits of Inpatient Addiction Services

While inpatient service is less available than outpatient, these facilities typically demonstrate higher success rates. Inpatient addiction centers attribute this success to the following factors:

  • Temptation is significantly reduced as the patient does not have access
  • Support during critical times of need is available
  • Focus on recovery; many facilities reinforce restrictions so that patients can focus on themselves and their recovery

However, according to SAMHSA, treatment facilities are few and far between, the lack of public transportation presents logistical problems, and the stigma attached to substance abuse can prevent many from seeking and accessing services. Addiction specialists concur that increased substance abuse treatment facilities are required in rural areas.

Get Help for Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine addiction is extremely dangerous and is difficult to overcome without professional help. If you need help finding the right addiction treatment program for you, call our toll-free number today. We are available 24 hours a day to answer any questions you might have about cocaine addiction treatment.

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